source: Diseases of the colon and rectum
Richard E. Lovegrove, Henry S. Tilney, Alexander G. Heriot, Alexander C. von Roon, James Church, Victor W. Fazio, Thanos Athanasiou, Paris P. Tekkis
PURPOSE : Restorative proctocolectomy is the procedure of choice for patients undergoing proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis or ulcerative colitis. This meta-analysis was designed to identify differences in adverse events and functional outcomes between these two groups.
METHODS : Studies published between 1986 and 2003 that compared outcomes between patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and ulcerative colitis were included. Meta-analytical techniques using random effect models were used to compare short-term and long-term adverse events as well as functional outcomes between the groups.
RESULTS : Nineteen studies comprising 5,199 patients (familial adenomatous polyposis, 782; ulcerative colitis, 4,417) were analyzed. There were no significant differences in immediate postoperative adverse events between the two groups. Pouch-related fistulation was significantly increased in the ulcerative colitis group (10.5 percent vs. familial adenomatous polyposis 4.8 percent; odds ratio 2.31; P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in pouch failure between the two groups (ulcerative colitis 5.8 percent vs. familial adenomatous polyposis 4.5 percent; odds ratio 1.22; P = 0.43). The incidence of pouchitis was significantly greater in the ulcerative colitis group (30.1 vs. 5.5 percent; odds ratio 6.44; P < 0.001). Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis had a significant advantage in stool frequency with one less motion per 24 hours (95 percent confidence interval, 0.21-1.76; P = 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS : In contrast to studies reporting similar outcomes for patients undergoing restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis or ulcerative colitis, the present meta-analysis suggested that patients with ulcerative colitis are at greater risk of pouch-related fistulation and pouchitis. Although there was an increase in the 24-hour stool frequency in the ulcerative colitis group, this may be accounted for by the younger age at surgery in the familial adenomatous polyposis group.
Imperial College London
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