source: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention
Wesley H. Greenblatt, Chin Hur, Amy B. Knudsen, John A. Evans, G. Scott Gazelle, Daniel C. Chung
BACKGROUND : Duodenal cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in familial adenomatous polyposis after colorectal cancer. The lifetime risk for developing duodenal cancer is 4% to 10%. Current treatment guidelines recommend endoscopic surveillance with a prophylactic pancreaticoduodenectomy in advanced duodenal polyposis, defined using the Spigelman staging system. Because no clinical trials have assessed this recommendation, a modeling approach was used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of various treatment strategies.
METHODS : A Markov model was constructed to estimate the life expectancy and cost of three different strategies: pancreaticoduodenectomy at Spigelman stage III, pancreaticoduodenectomy at Spigelman stage IV, and pancreaticoduodenectomy at cancer diagnosis. A cohort of 30-year-old familial adenomatous polyposis patients with total colectomies was simulated until age 80. The analysis was from a societal perspective. Extensive sensitivity analysis was performed to assess the impact of model uncertainty on results.
RESULTS : At all stages of polyposis and all ages
CONCLUSIONS : Prophylactic pancreaticoduodenectomy at stage IV duodenal polyposis in familial adenomatous polyposis is a cost-effective approach that results in greater life expectancy than surgery at either stage III or cancer diagnosis.
Massachusetts General Hospital
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