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Familial Adenomatous Polyposis-Associated, Cribriform Morular Variant of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Harboring a K-RAS Mutation: Case Presentation and Review of Molecular Mechanisms
authors: Giannelli S M, McPhaul L, Nakamoto J, Gianoukakis A Gsummary/abstract:
BACKGROUND : The cribriform morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CMVPTC) is a rare subtype of papillary thyroid cancer that occurs most often in association with the familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) syndrome.
PATIENT FINDINGS : A 18-year-old woman presented with recurrence of PTC in her neck. She had a prior diagnosis of FAP syndrome. Review of her original pathology slides reclassified the case as a CMVPTC. The tumor was examined for the four most common mutations found in PTC: BRAF, RET/PTC, RAS, and PAX/PPARγ.
SUMMARY : The molecular alterations associated with CMVPTC involve the WNT signaling pathway but are incompletely understood. When CMVPTC is associated with the FAP syndrome, a germline adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene mutation is almost always detected. For the initiation of oncogenesis however, one or more additional molecular alterations must occur, such as a new somatic mutation in the APC gene (biallelic inactivation), somatic mutations in the β-catenin (CTNNB1) gene, or gene-gene interaction (epistasis). To date, of the mutations commonly associated with PTC, only RET/PTC mutations have been reported in CMVPTC. We report a FAP-associated CMVPTC tumor with atypically aggressive features harboring a RAS mutation and review the molecular mechanisms associated with this interesting PTC subtype. The literature was reviewed using MEDLINE (included case presentations, original research, and reviews).
CONCLUSION : We report here the first RAS mutation detected in an FAP-associated CMVPTC tumor.organization: Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
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