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Long-Term Compliance with Endoscopic Surveillance for Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
source: Colorectal disease
authors: Douma K F, Bleiker E M, Aaronson N K, Cats A, Gerritsma M A, Gundy C M, Vasen H Fsummary/abstract:
AIM : The study assessed compliance of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) with endoscopic surveillance.
METHOD : In this nationwide, cross-sectional study, individuals from FAP families registered with the Netherlands Foundation for the Detection of Hereditary Tumours were invited to complete a questionnaire on endoscopic screening experiences.
RESULTS : A total of 328 individuals were eligible for the study of whom 85 were at risk for FAP, 108 had an intact rectum after a colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IRA), and 135 had had a pouch following a proctocolectomy with ileoanal anastomosis (IPAA). Based on medical record data, 20% of the at-risk group and 26% of the IRA-group were found to be undercompliant with surveillance advice which was associated significantly with perceived self-efficacy, use of sedatives during surveillance, pain after surveillance and low perceived benefits of surveillance (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION : One in five individuals at risk for FAP and one in four with a retained rectum are undercompliant with screening advice. We recommend that sedatives should be patient-tailored for FAP individuals undergoing surveillance and that adequate pain medication be provided after endoscopy.organization: The Netherlands Cancer Institute
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