Long-Term Treatment with Sulindac in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: A Prospective Cohort Study | oneFAPvoice

welcome to oneFAPvoice

- a positively charged Familial Adenomatous Polyposis community.
  • join today!
scientific articles

Long-Term Treatment with Sulindac in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: A Prospective Cohort Study

key information

source: Gastroenterology

year: 2002

authors: Cruz-Correa M, Hylind L M, Romans K E, Booker S V, Giardiello F M

summary/abstract:

BACKGROUND & AIMS : Management of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) can consist of colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IRA). Sulindac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, causes regression of colorectal adenomas in the retained rectal segment of FAP patients, although long-term use of this therapy has not been studied. We evaluated the long-term effectiveness and toxicity of sulindac in attempting to maintain retained rectal segments free of adenomas.

METHODS : Twelve FAP patients (5 women), mean age 37.1 years, with IRA received sulindac (mean dosage, 158 mg/day) for a mean period of 63.4 +/- 31.3 months (range, 14-98 months). Number, size, and histologic grade of polyps, side effects, and medication compliance were assessed every 4 months.

RESULTS : Seven of 12 patients (58%) remained in the study (6 of these polyp-free) for a mean of 76.9 +/- 27.5 months. Five of 12 patients (42%) withdrew from the trial after a mean follow-up period of 44 +/- 28 months (range, 14-89 months). A significant regression of polyp number was observed in all patients at 12 months (P = 0.039) and at a mean of 63.4 +/- 31.3 months (P = 0.006). Prevention of recurrence of higher-grade adenomas (tubulovillous, villous adenomas) was also observed (P = 0.004). At 35 months of follow-up, 1 patient developed stage III cancer in the rectal stump. The most common side effect was rectal mucosal erosions in 6 patients.

CONCLUSIONS : Long-term use of sulindac seems to be effective in reducing polyp number and preventing recurrence of higher-grade adenomas in the retained rectal segment of most FAP patients. Erosions at the IRA site can preclude adequate dose maintenance.

organization: The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

read more full text source

expertly curated content related to this topic

To improve your experience on this site, we use cookies. This includes cookies essential for the basic functioning of our website, cookies for analytics purposes, and cookies enabling us to personalize site content. By clicking on 'Accept' or any content on this site, you agree that cookies can be placed. You may adjust your browser's cookie settings to suit your preferences.
More information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close