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Minimal Access Laparoscopic Surgery for Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis and Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Coli in Children and Adolescents
source: Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques
authors: Lena Perger, Danny C. Little, Oliver J. Muensterer, Albert J. Chong, Carroll M. Harmon, Vincent E. Mortellarosummary/abstract:
BACKGROUND : Laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy is standard surgical treatment for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP). Scar burden can be minimized by reducing the number of laparoscopic ports. The aim of this study is to review the authors’ experience with reduced-port laparoscopy in this setting and to compare it with conventional laparoscopy using multiple ports.
MATERIALS AND METHODS : Charts of pediatric patients undergoing colectomy for UC or FAP between 2009 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had the operation performed through one or two multichannel ports were assigned to the minimal access (MA) study group. Patients who had four or five single-channel ports with or without an additional small laparotomy were assigned to the LAP group.
RESULTS : Twenty-two patients were identified. Ages at first operation were 2-18 years (median, 13.5 years). There were no conversions to laparotomy and no mortality. Mean operative times for the MA and LAP groups, respectively, were 250 and 284 minutes for abdominal colectomy with end ileostomy (P=.15), 198 and 301 minutes for completion proctectomy with diverting loop ileostomy (DLI) (P=.26), and 455 and 414 minutes for proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and DLI (P=.72). A major complication requiring laparotomy occurred in 1 patient (9%) in the MA group and in 2 patients (18%) in the LAP group.
CONCLUSIONS : Minimal access laparoscopic surgery for UC and FAP is safe and feasible. A slightly larger incision at the ostomy site facilitates extraction of the specimen and extracorporeal construction of a J-pouch. Operative times and hospital stay are comparable to those with multiport laparoscopy.organization: McLane's Children's Hospital, Texas A&M College of Medicine
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