source: Clinical genetics
Morak M, Laner A, Bacher U, Keiling C, Holinski-Feder E
To further characterize 215 APC mutation-negative patients with colorectal neoplasias classified in classical, attenuated, or atypical familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) coli we performed mutation screening in the Mut Y homologue (MUTYH) gene. The incidence was 15% for biallelic and 3.7% for monoallelic MUTYH mutations. We describe six novel MUTYH mutations in biallelic constellation and two novel monoallelic missense mutations. Of 33 MUTYH-associated polyposis coli (MAP) patients 57% were attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (AFAP) patients, 10% display early-onset classical FAP and 18% had only few adenomas at higher age. Biallelic cases had a high incidence of extracolonic polyposis in 32% and colorectal cancer (CRC) in 33% of the cases. The clinical picture of MAP ranged from classical FAP or synchronous CRC at age 30 years to few adenomas at age 54 years without evidence of CRC, initially suspected for hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). The mean age of onset was 43 years, with 11 (33%) patients being younger than 40 years of age, indicating that the clinical manifestation can be earlier than so far reported. Monoallelic MUTYH mutation carriers had a positive family history in seven of eight cases allowing the hypothesis of a disease-causing synergism of MUTYH mutations with other genes.
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
full text source