source: Surgical endoscopy
Ma T, Jang E J, Zukerberg L R, Odze R, Gala M K, Kelsey P B, Forcione D G, Brugge W R, Casey B W, Syngal S, Chung D C
Endoscopic ampullectomy is increasingly performed in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)-associated ampullary adenomas. We sought to define the procedure-associated morbidities and long-term outcomes.
We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with FAP who underwent endoscopic ampullectomy at two tertiary institutions between 1999 and 2010. The severity of duodenal polyposis was classified according to Spigelman’s classification.
Of 26 FAP patients who underwent endoscopic ampullectomy, 21 arose in the setting of Spigelman’s stage II duodenal polyposis. Adverse events associated with endoscopic ampullectomy included acute pancreatitis (19.2%), abdominal pain (7.6%), and bleeding (3.8%). The mean resected adenoma size was 0.99 ± 0.34 cm. Three adenomas (12.0%) contained foci of high-grade dysplasia. Follow-up data were available for 24 patients. The mean follow-up duration was 84.5 ± 36.2 months. Adenoma recurrence was observed in 14 patients (58.3%; 14/24) at a mean of 38.3 months after initial ampullectomy. Adenomas ≥10 mm recurred more frequently than smaller adenomas (76.9 vs. 36.4%; p = 0.002). Positive margins were not associated with higher recurrence rates. No cancers were observed during long-term follow-up. Three patients underwent a Whipple procedure, but none was performed for a recurrent ampullary adenoma.
Endoscopic ampullectomy in FAP can be performed safely. Because ampullary adenomas frequently recur after endoscopic ampullectomy, close surveillance is essential. Smaller tumors are less likely to recur, suggesting a benefit for early recognition of these lesions.
Massachusetts General Hospital
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