source: British journal of nursing
Still referred to as a new surgical procedure, the ileal-anal pouch or restorative proctocolectomy is now in its 30th year. Over this time the procedure has become the standard of care for patients with ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis who require surgery. For many patients it not only eradicates disease, but also preserves the anal sphincter, therefore enabling the patient to defecate in the normal way. Much research over the years has explored optimum surgical techniques, pouch function/capacity, pouch failure and pouch satisfaction and its long-term follow-up. This article reviews literature relating to the ileal-anal pouch and traces its journey through the past three decades, providing an overview of how the pouch has evolved and considers its future development.
Kings College London, St Mark's Hospital
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